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How sea transport works?

How sea transport works?
How sea transport works?
The sea shipments starts in shipper's premises where cargo will be picked up once is ready, booking confirmation on hand and appointment is done between trucking company and loading place.

No matter the incoterm the shipment has, the process is the same for all the shipments, even are FCL (full container load) or LCL (less than a container load).
If is FCL a container will come to exporter place and cargo will be loaded on the same and put a seal to close the doors. The seal will appear in the bill of lading so customs at destination and importer can know if the seal that arrives at destination is not the same container might have been openend during the transport to consignee's place.

If is an LCL shipment cargo will be loaded in a van that will go to consolidator warehouse to be loaded with the rest of the cargo that share same POD in a container.

Once cargo is loaded and it arrived to port (FCL) or to consolidator warehouse (LCL) export customs can be done, shipping instructions as well. For FCL verify gross mass (VGM) have to be inform to the terminal before container reachs the port of loading.

Commercial invoice, packing list is mandatory for customs and shipping instructions proposes. 
For customs as well shipper have to fill power of attorney.
Depending of the destination of the cargo , shipper might have to issue more documents like certifcates, or other customs documents such as EUR1... Check case by case.
Additionaly some countries require original bill of lading, so shipper have to ask shipping line/consolidator or freight forwarder to have either printed in origin or at destination the bill of lading physically. Other countries, most of them, with an express bill of lading is enought to release the cargo at destination, this means that it is not needed to present physically the documentation, can be send my email in pdf.

Before vessel leaves the POD (port of departure), normally 48h shipping instructions have to be presented and customs have to be done.

Once vessel ddeparts, shipping line will send bill of lading date of departure and pure sea transport will start from port to port.

Not all the services are direct, some containers go through other ports where in some cases containers are moved from one vessel to another to reach destination in a more efficient way.

The consignee of the cargo in the departure of origin will receive all the documnetation related to the shipment either from shipper; shipping line or freight forwarder. Also consolidator or the carrier at destination a week before cargo arrives will send an arrival notice to consignee informing when their cargo will arrive and informing customs information to proceed with import customs.

After import customs is done, consignee have to pay import customs, duties and vat to customs before organizing the delivery to their place. 

Depending on payment conditions with the line consignee as well have to pay in advanced the rest of the charges depending of the incoterm.

For more information contact with us.

thanks and regards.