To be able to import and / or export, you must meet a some requirements for Customs.
A customs clearance must be issued, a tool used by Customs to control the entry and exit of goods in a specific territory
A series of documents related to importation or export must be submitted to the corresponding customs authority.
Commercial Invoice. It must include identification of the exporter and the importer, description of the merchandise, invoice number, number of packages value of the merchandise, means of transport, payment conditions and delivery conditions, according to INCOTERM
Packing list, The loading list, document issued by the seller that fits the commercial invoice and must detail the information About the transported merchandise.
Transport documentation Document certifying the load of the merchandise. According to the means of transport the documentation is:
- Bill of lading (B / L) MARITIME. It is the maritime company who issues it
- Road transport letter (CMR) LAND. Four copies must be issued and signed by both the sender and the transport company. A copy for the sender, another for the carrier and the third must go with the goods and delivered to the recipient. The latter is returned to the sender signed and stamped by the recipient.
- Air Way Bill (AWB) AIR. Transport document between the sender and the transport company.
The Customs Agent is responsible for declaring the merchandise and it is the Customs who assesses and defines the channel that assesses the risk and the need to check the items based on the exporter, the merchandise and other standards.
- GREEN CHANNEL Direct delivery of the merchandise. Automatic authorization of goods release
- ORANGE CHANNEL Customs wants to check all the information provided. Once checked and approved the release of the goods is issued
- RED CHANNEL The Customs requests a physical recognition of the merchandise and also verification that the data and documents included in the declaration are the reflection of the merchandise. Once approved, the goods are lifted